Fall from grace: protectionism and monopolies push Cameroon down broadband index
Poor policy decisions in Cameroon have impeded the growth of affordable, real broadband services that are taking off in many of the continent’s leading economies. Although the introduction of bundled products by Orange Cameroon has significantly reduced the price for mobile prepaid services, the country lags behind its African peers in the deployment of 3G services due to protectionist policies and weak regulatory environment. ADSL services are offered at exorbitant prices and at virtually narrowband speeds, way below the levels reached
by the other African countries analysed in the Research ICT Africa Broadband Value for Money Index.

Download the RIA Policy Brief Cameroon No 4 June 2014.
Mozambique: Better broadband performance with more competition
The entry of the new operator Movitel into the market in 2012 has shaken up the duopoly mobile and fixed monopoly markets that delivered poor services primarily in the major cities at high prices. Assisted by the reduction in the mobile termination rates in 2012, the market has become far more competitive with mCel and Vodacom Mozambique pressured into reducing their mobile prepaid voice tariffs. On the other hand, the fixed-line market dominated by the state-owned company TDM has been unable to increase the number of subscribers. In spite of significant investments having been made to upgrade the copper-based infrastructure and to connect the country to undersea cables, retail ADSL prices still remain high in comparison to other African countries.

Download the RIA Policy Brief Mozambique No 5 June 2014.
Shift from just­‐voice services: African markets gearing for internet
Voice and SMS revenues have been eroded by the increasing use of IP-based services such as instant messaging and voice over IP (VoIP). African operators have reacted to this change in the telecommunications market by providing bundling voice, SMS and data services. In South Africa, only MTN and Cell C have introduced prepaid bundled services. Such bundles however are not cheap. With the new mobile termination rate glide path only effective from the end of March 2014, and the implementation delayed by a legal challenge from operators, the effects of the enforcement of the new termination rates are not evident in the market yet. Even so, with increasingly small margins from voice mobile operators have already turned their focus towards data where pricing appears more competitive and is based on bundles.

Download the RIA policy brief No 2 April 2014.
Is broadband data worth the money?
While expansion of mobile networks across the continent continues to be constrained by the failure to assign high demand broadband spectrum, operators are devising ways around this by recycling their spectrum in order to offer high-speed and quality broadband bundles. The range of 4G services now becoming available creates another divide between countries’ ICT sectors, their regulators and their operators. The development of innovative bundles and pricing strategies is helping to facilitate the move away from traditional voice services and towards higher data consumption, as well as demanding price basket adjustments. Other developments can also be seen in the creation of more time-based bundles as well as the appearance of the first data-only provider in Africa - Smile.

Download RIA policy Brief June 2014 No 3 Broadband
SA’s Mobile Termination Rate (MTR) Debate and Africa 2012 Index
South Africa’s mobile termination rate (MTR) reductions of March 2011 and March 2012 have not, contrary to claims made by operators, hurt the industry or led to higher retail prices, lower investments or retrenchments. End-user prices have come down to some extent, but South Africa continues to be among the most expensive countries in Africa for prepaid mobile usage, and South Africa's MTRs are still far above the cost of an efficient operator.

Read Research ICT Africa's policy brief on South Africa's mobile termination rates. It includes also the Africa 2012 Index.
SA mobile prepaid prices plateau
Mobile termination rate (MTR) reductions by the South African regulator in March 2013 impacted positively on prepaid mobile retail prices in the second quarter of last year. But by the last quarter of 2013, prepaid voice mobile prices had stabilised in South Africa with no further reductions in prices of the dominant operators: MTN and Vodacom. The absence of further responsiveness to pricing pressure from smaller operators, who reduced their prices dramatically during 2013, means South Africa’s dominant operator prices remain expensive compared to other African countries.

Download the RIA Policy Brief South Africa No. 1 February 2014 .
How do mobile and fixed broadband stack up in SA?
Further, unlike in more developed nations, where fixed is the predominant form of broadband access in South Africa, mobile broadband is predominant - it is also, unlike in those markets, both cheaper and faster than fixed.   However, wireless is inherently less stable than fixed broadband technologies such as XDSL and fibre and the implications of not having ubiquitous, reliable always on high-speed connectivity for the economy and global competitiveness are serious.

Read Research ICT Africa's policy brief on broadband pricing in South Africa.

For a detailed description about the methodology applied for measuring broadband performance, download the policy paper draft for comments on investigating broadband performance in South Africa 2013.

A description of the broadband baskets methodology is available in the policy paper on the future of broadband in Africa.

New mobile pricing portal
Research ICT Africa has developed a new mobile pricing portal with data on pre-paid mobile pricing products collected quaretly from all African operators in all African countries, since January 2011.
The mobile pricing portal aims at increasing price trasparency in the African continent, in order to support users to make informed decisions when select a mobile operators and to compare prices across operators. 
It is also a useful instrument for mobile operators since they can compare prices at a country level and across countries. It helps at monitoring regulatory interventions and the effect of those - such as interconnection rates cut and new operators in national markets - on pricing.

The portal is online at the following link.
Myth buster on reasons for SA high prepaid mobile pricing
The reactions of various interest groups to a yearlong study by RIA into pre-paid mobile prices across the continent, and South Africa’s relatively poor showing in it, are perhaps not surprising. They nevertheless prompt clarification and hopefully further debate - before the issue of the high price of communications in South is again swept under the carpet. Research ICT Africa Executive Director, Alison Gillwald responds.  

Africa Prepaid Mobile Price Index 2012: South Africa
Among 46 African countries studied, South Africa ranks poorly for prepaid mobile telephony affordability. Ranked 30th out of 46 African states, South Africa is now far behind countries where the regulator, unlike in South Africa, has enabled competition by enforcing cost-based mobile termination rates. The resulting competition has in many cases driven down prices for consumers. Not long ago, South Africa and Namibia shared the same mobile termination rates and had similar end-user prices. Today, Namibia enjoys amongst the cheapest mobile prepaid prices in Africa, as a result of the slashing of its termination rates close to cost, which pressured the incumbents towards cost-based pricing, thereby increasing demand and remaining highly profitable.

Download the policy brief

Download Research ICT Africa's answers to the following technical questions from the media:

1. Why did you focus only on prepaid?
2. Do you expect prices to decline further next year when MTRs drop to 40c?
3. Could you send through the January 2012 OECD Lower User Baske costs in USD table that includes PPP factor?
2011 Africa Fair Mobile Index: Dynamic changes
The Fair Mobile Index aims at communicating the real value of mobile voice services and at comparing differences in mobile voice services value across the African continent.
It allows for the comparison of mobile services tariffs in all African countries in relation to the value of a widely used commodity with which citizens are likely to be familiar such as cooking oil, sugar or tea. The following report is based on all pre-paid tariffs publicly available (from operators’ websites) from all operators of each country on the continent in April, May and June 2011. 

Download the second quarterly report.

Fair Mobile
The cost of communication varies across the continent. Fair competition is the key to bringing prices to affordable levels while proving efficient incentives to invest.
The Fair Mobile Index tracks price developments for mobile telecommunication across the African continent. The purpose is to establish price transparency for consumers, allow for the benchmarking of affordability across countries and to provide tools to assess the impact of policies and regulatory interventions.

Download the first quarterly report.